Advertisement
  1. 3D & Motion Graphics
  2. Maya
Cgi

Creating A Futuristic Weapon In Maya - Texturing

by
Difficulty:IntermediateLength:MediumLanguages:
This post is part of a series called Create a Futuristic Weapon In Maya.
Creating A Futuristic Weapon In Maya - UV Mapping
Creating A Futuristic Weapon In Maya, Lighting And Compositing

Hi friends, in this part of the series I will show you how to texture the futuristic gun. We have already unwrapped all the gun parts, and now with the help of Photoshop and several available textures, we will texture the model. I have also used another piece of software called 'Crazy Bump' to generate the 'Normal Map' for the gun and I will describe that process in this part of the tutorial as well .


Additional Files/ Plugins:


Step 1

Open Photoshop and also open the UV snapshot of the gun we saved out in the previous part of the tutorial. Since we saved it in PNG format, it comes in with a transparent background.

Step 1 Image

Step 2

Create a new layer in Photoshop, and rename it 'Background’. Also rename layer 0 as UVs.

Step 2 Image

Step 3

Keep the background layer below layer 0. Set the foreground and background color by clicking on the ‘switch’ icon (which is marked below with the black arrow.) Press Alt+Backspace to fill the background layer with the Black color.

Step 3 Image

Step 4

Create a New layer. And then create selections around the unwrapped parts with the help of Lasso Tool. And then fill the selection with some different shades of blue and black as shown in the figures below. Always keep the UVs layer on top.

Step 4 Image
Step 4 Image

Step 5

I have some textures of metal surfaces. So I will use one of them here.

Step 5 Image

Bring this texture into the main project file and rename it ‘scratches’. Then change the Layer Blending Mode from normal to Soft Light.

Step 5 Image

Step 6

I have another scratched metal surface texture, so I will use it here too.

Step 6 Image

Bring this texture into the main file and then using the ‘Clone Stamp Tool’ modify it as you can see in the figure below. When done Rename this layer to ‘Scratched Steel’.

Step 6 Image

Step 7

Now change the Layer Blending Mode of this layer (‘Scratched Steel’) from normal to Color.

Step 7 Image

Step 8

Now I will bring another red rusted metal texture into Photoshop.

Step 8 Image

Add this texture into the main file. Use the ‘Clone Stamp’ on the corner edges, cloning the crusty white paint color (as shown.)

Step 8 Image

Step 9

Now let’s save the texture in PNG format and apply it to the gun in Maya. Remember to turn off the UV layer before saving the texture. Now in Maya, open ‘Hypershade’ (go to Window > Rendering editor > Hypershade) and double click on ‘blinn’. You can see the attribute editor opened on the right side.

Step 9 Image

Step 10

Now click on the Color Material Attribute box (indicated by the red arrow.) It opens the 'Create Render Node' window. Here click on the ‘file’ node.

Step 10 Image

Step 11

This opens the ‘file attributes’ on the right side. Now click on the folder icon (indicated by the red arrow below), to open the texture file from the local drive.

Step 11 Image

Step 12

Here choose the same texture file which was just saved from Photoshop. Then click on the Open button.

Step 12 Image

Step 13

After applying the texture to the gun, it looks like the image shown below. You can press Ctrl+A to hide or show the attribute editor.

Step 13 Image

Step 14

Let's move ahead and go back to Photoshop once again. Since this gun has been used too much it's corners should be worn. So let’s create worn edges by painting on the corners, but first choose a light Grey color.

Step 14 Image

Step 15

Select the ‘Brush Tool’ and open the brush list, then choose the ‘Thick Heavy Brushes’ preset. Here choose the fifth brush 'Rough Round Bristle'.

Step 15 Image

Step 16

Before starting to paint on the corners, create a new layer and rename it 'Worn Corners'.

Step 16 Image

Step 17

Once the new layer is created, start painting on the corners. That area on the UV layout is being shown by the red arrows.

Step 17 Image
Step 17 Image

Step 18

Now save the file again in Photoshop and replace it with the last one. Go to Maya and open ‘Hypershade’, double click on ‘blinn’ and it opens the ‘Attribute Editor’ on the right side. Just click on ‘reload’ and the texture is automatically changed to the new one. You can now see the worn edges clearly on the gun model.

Step 18 Image

Step 19

I will now use three more textures (something like these.)

Step 19 Image

Paste the ‘caution’ and ‘radiation logo’ textures, as you see in the image below. Then add the ‘Bevel and Emboss’ effect (Layer > Layer Style > Bevel and Emboss...)

Step 19 Image

Step 20

Now we will texture the blades. First of all, create the shape of the blades with the help of Pen tool and save the paths.

Step 20 Image
Step 20 Image

Step 21

With the shape selected, press Ctrl + Shift + I to invert the selection and then press Delete. You can now see the waste part is deleted and the steel parts of the blades are textured.

Step 21 Image

Step 22

Rename the layers properly. Now copy this blade texture and put it in place on the other blades.

Step 22 Image

Step 23

Now texture the side and bottom parts of the blades. Here use the techniques apprised in the previous steps.

Step 23 Image

Step 24

Now I will use these three images (the middle one is for the tele-scope lens.)

Step 24 Image

Cut the lens texture out, and paste it where the front of the lens is placed on the UV layout.

Step 24 Image

Then copy it and paste it onto the other end (back) of the scope lens.

Step 24 Image

Step 25

After that cut the ‘shield’ texture out and paste it in.

Step 25 Image

Now cut and paste the bird logo in, as you can see in the figure below.

Step 25 Image

Step 26

Add a New layer and paint on it with a Brown color as shown in the image below.

Step 26 Image

Step 27

I have a ‘Lion’ face image that I have also pasted onto the texture (shown below.)

Step 27 Image

Step 28

Now using the 'Text' tool write ‘Grenade, Laser and Bullet’ with a Red color in the places shown.

Step 28 Image

Step 29

I have an image of blood splatter which I will use here to show the stains of blood on the blades of the gun.

Step 29 Image

Step 30

Cut out the blood part from the image and paste it onto the blades, as you can see in the figure below. Then change it's Layer Blending Mode from ‘normal’ to ‘Multiply’. Multiply mode hides the white color so that’s why I am using a blood splatter image with a white background.

Step 30 Image

Paste some more blood on the other parts of the gun too using new layers.

Step 30 Image

Then change the layer's Blending Mode from ‘normal’ to ‘Multiply’.

Step 30 Image

Step 31

We need to make it a little messy. So, create a New layer and rename it 'Dust'. Paint it using a brush which will give the effect of dust on the gun. Here I’ve turned off all the other layers so you can see the dust properly. Keep the dust layer in the 2nd position from the top of the layer stack.

Step 31 Image

Step 32

Now our texturing is complete. Turn off the UV layer on top. Save the texture and apply it on the gun in Maya. Let's see how it looks.

Step 32 Image

Step 33

Now I need to make the ‘normal map’ to help show depth in the final rendered output. I would suggest you download ‘Crazy Bump’ from the internet. This is a small but great application for making ‘normal and bump maps’. You can easily download the demo version from www.crazybump.com. Once you have installed and opened the application, click on the ‘Open' folder icon to begin.

Step 33 Image
Step 33 Image

Step 34

Now click on the ‘Open photograph from file’ option and open the saved texture file.

Step 34 Image
Step 34 Image

Step 35

It shows you two options. If you want extruded depth, then choose left side and if you want depressed depth choose the right side. In this case I’ll choose the left one and then click on it.

Step 35 Image

Step 36

Enter the values according to your needs. It totally depends on how much depth you want. Then save the ‘Normal Map’ somewhere on your local drive, by clicking on the ‘Save’ button at the bottom of the image.

Step 36 Image

Step 37

Now in Maya, go to Bump Mapping > File and apply the saved normal map onto the gun model.

Step 37 Image

Step 38

Now click on the black arrow sign which I've marked below with a Red arrow.

Step 38 Image

Step 39

Now click on the folder and open the Normal map. Here you can set depth value according to your needs.

Step 39 Image

Step 40

This is the final image after texturing. So this completes the texturing part of the tutorial. In the next and final part of the series, I will teach you about ‘Lighting and Compositing’ the gun.

Step 40 Image

Related Tutorials:


Advertisement
Advertisement
Looking for something to help kick start your next project?
Envato Market has a range of items for sale to help get you started.